Compartment syndrome: a review of the literature

Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2012 Apr;29(2):301-10, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2012.02.001. Epub 2012 Feb 28.


Compartment syndrome is a rare but severe complication of lower extremity trauma. This article provides an extensive review of the literature, including incidence, physical examination findings, pathophysiology, compartment pressure evaluation, and surgical decompression techniques. Most of the recent compartment syndrome literature shows case reports of atypical causes of this limb-threatening disorder. Although the emphasis of this article is traumatic compartment syndrome, recent literature on chronic lower extremity compartment syndrome, secondary to exercise or activity, is also discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Compartment Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Compartment Syndromes / physiopathology
  • Compartment Syndromes / surgery
  • Endoscopy / methods
  • Fasciotomy
  • Foot / anatomy & histology
  • Foot Diseases / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Leg / surgery
  • Lower Extremity / injuries*
  • Physical Examination