The role of ultrasound in the assessment of post-operative complications following hip arthroplasty

Skeletal Radiol. 2012 Sep;41(9):1035-46. doi: 10.1007/s00256-012-1390-9. Epub 2012 Mar 17.

Abstract

Hip arthroplasty is one of the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures. Clinicians can be faced with the diagnostic dilemma of the patient presenting with a painful hip following arthroplasty and satisfactory post-operative radiographs. Identifying the cause of symptoms can be challenging and ultrasound is increasingly being utilized in the evaluation of potential soft tissue complications following hip surgery. In this article, we describe the common surgical approaches used during hip arthroplasty as this can influence the nature and location of subsequent complications. A review of the literature is presented along with the imaging appearances frequently encountered when imaging this patient population.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / diagnostic imaging*
  • Joint Instability / etiology*
  • Prosthesis Failure*
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / diagnostic imaging*
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / etiology*
  • Ultrasonography / methods*