Hip arthroplasty is one of the most commonly performed orthopedic procedures. Clinicians can be faced with the diagnostic dilemma of the patient presenting with a painful hip following arthroplasty and satisfactory post-operative radiographs. Identifying the cause of symptoms can be challenging and ultrasound is increasingly being utilized in the evaluation of potential soft tissue complications following hip surgery. In this article, we describe the common surgical approaches used during hip arthroplasty as this can influence the nature and location of subsequent complications. A review of the literature is presented along with the imaging appearances frequently encountered when imaging this patient population.