Women with recurrent spontaneous pregnancy loss (RPLJ are in a complex scenario, due to the work-up evaLuation that is negative in about 50% of the cases, and the stress associated with the outcome of the next pregnancy. Therefore, these patients experience psychoLogicaL conditions including anxiety and depression. The basic examination includes: parental karyotype, anatomical evaluation of the uterus, hormonal profile (including TSH, prolactin level and glucose) and APLA evaLuation. In recent years, several changes had been reported in the recurrent pregnancy loss definition, the preferred mode of the uterine cavity evaluation and the need for anti-thrombotic treatment in idiopathic RPL. In addition, new concepts in the pathophysiology and the etiology of RPL have been described as well as the extent of the evaluation. It is important to emphasize that those women with RPL in general and those with idiopathic RPL specifically, will experience about a 75% live birth rate in the next pregnancy when they are in a specialized RPL clinic. In this review, we will discuss these issues according to the recent studies incLuding the evaluation and treatment that are implicated in the RPL clinic in the Soroka University Medical Center.