Capacitated location of collection sites in an urban waste management system

Waste Manag. 2012 Jul;32(7):1291-6. doi: 10.1016/j.wasman.2012.02.009. Epub 2012 Mar 17.


Urban waste management is becoming an increasingly complex task, absorbing a huge amount of resources, and having a major environmental impact. The design of a waste management system consists in various activities, and one of these is related to the location of waste collection sites. In this paper, we propose an integer programming model that helps decision makers in choosing the sites where to locate the unsorted waste collection bins in a residential town, as well as the capacities of the bins to be located at each collection site. This model helps in assessing tactical decisions through constraints that force each collection area to be capacitated enough to fit the expected waste to be directed to that area, while taking into account Quality of Service constraints from the citizens' point of view. Moreover, we propose an effective constructive heuristic approach whose aim is to provide a good solution quality in an extremely reduced computational time. Computational results on data related to the city of Nardò, in the south of Italy, show that both exact and heuristic approaches provide consistently better solutions than that currently implemented, resulting in a lower number of activated collection sites, and a lower number of bins to be used.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cities
  • Environment
  • Italy
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Transportation
  • Waste Management / methods*