Streaming weekly soap opera video episodes to smartphones in a randomized controlled trial to reduce HIV risk in young urban African American/black women

AIDS Behav. 2012 Jul;16(5):1341-58. doi: 10.1007/s10461-012-0170-9.

Abstract

Love, Sex, and Choices is a 12-episode soap opera video series created as an intervention to reduce HIV sex risk. The effect on women's HIV risk behavior was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial in 238 high risk, predominately African American young adult women in the urban Northeast. To facilitate on-demand access and privacy, the episodes were streamed to study-provided smartphones. Here, we discuss the development of a mobile platform to deliver the 12-weekly video episodes or weekly HIV risk reduction written messages to smartphones, including; the technical requirements, development, and evaluation. Popularity of the smartphone and use of the Internet for multimedia offer a new channel to address health disparities in traditionally underserved populations. This is the first study to report on streaming a serialized video-based intervention to a smartphone. The approach described here may provide useful insights in assessing advantages and disadvantages of smartphones to implement a video-based intervention.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / psychology*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Algorithms
  • Computers, Handheld / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Risk Reduction Behavior
  • Sexual Behavior / psychology*
  • Sexual Behavior / statistics & numerical data
  • United States
  • Urban Population
  • Videotape Recording*
  • Young Adult