EGF activates TTP expression by activation of ELK-1 and EGR-1 transcription factors

BMC Mol Biol. 2012 Mar 20;13:8. doi: 10.1186/1471-2199-13-8.

Abstract

Background: Tristetraprolin (TTP) is a key mediator of processes such as inflammation resolution, the inhibition of autoimmunity and in cancer. It carries out this role by the binding and degradation of mRNA transcripts, thereby decreasing their half-life. Transcripts modulated by TTP encode proteins such as cytokines, pro-inflammatory agents and immediate-early response proteins. TTP can also modulate neoplastic phenotypes in many cancers. TTP is induced and functionally regulated by a spectrum of both pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, mitogens and drugs in a MAPK-dependent manner. So far the contribution of p38 MAPK to the regulation of TTP expression and function has been best described.

Results: Our results demonstrate the induction of the gene coding TTP (ZFP36) by EGF through the ERK1/2-dependent pathway and implicates the transcription factor ELK-1 in this process. We show that ELK-1 regulates ZFP36 expression by two mechanisms: by binding the ZFP36 promoter directly through ETS-binding site (+ 883 to +905 bp) and by inducing expression of EGR-1, which in turn increases ZFP36 expression through sequences located between -111 and -103 bp.

Conclusions: EGF activates TTP expression via ELK-1 and EGR-1 transcription factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Line
  • Early Growth Response Protein 1 / genetics*
  • Early Growth Response Protein 1 / metabolism
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Binding
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Tristetraprolin / genetics*
  • Tristetraprolin / metabolism
  • ets-Domain Protein Elk-1 / genetics*
  • ets-Domain Protein Elk-1 / metabolism

Substances

  • Early Growth Response Protein 1
  • Tristetraprolin
  • ZFP36 protein, human
  • ets-Domain Protein Elk-1
  • Epidermal Growth Factor