Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the efficacy of U.S. primary care paediatric obesity treatment recommendations, within two randomized trials.
Methods: Between November 2005 to September 2007, 182 families (children aged 4-9 years, body mass index [BMI] ≥85th percentile) were recruited for two separate trials and randomized within trial to a 6-month intervention. Each trial had one intervention that increased child growth-monitoring frequency and feedback to families (GROWTH MONITORING). Each trial also had two interventions, combining GROWTH MONITORING with an eight-session, behavioural, parent-only intervention targeting two energy-balance behaviours (Trial 1: reducing snack foods and sugar-sweetened beverages [DECREASE], and increasing fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy [INCREASE]; Trial 2: decreasing sugar-sweetened beverages and increasing physical activity [TRADITIONAL] and increasing low-fat milk consumption and reducing television watching [SUBSTITUTES]). Child standardized BMI (ZBMI) and energy intake were assessed at 0, 6 and 12 months.
Results: In both trials, main effects of time were found for ZBMI, which decreased at 6 and 12 months (P < 0.01). In Trial 1, ZBMI reduced from 0 to 6 months, which was maintained from 6 to 12 months (ΔZBMI 0 to 12 months = -0.12 ± 0.22). In Trial 2, ZBMI reduced from 0 to 6 and from 6 to 12 months (ΔZBMI 0-12 months = -0.16 ± 0.31). For energy intake, main effects of time were found in both trials and intake reduced from 0 to 6 months (P < 0.05), with Trial 1 reducing intake from 0 to 12 months (P < 0.05).
Conclusions: All interventions improved weight status. Future research should examine effectiveness and translatability of these approaches into primary care settings.
© 2011 The Authors Pediatric Obesity © 2011 International Association for the Study of Obesity.