Assessment of quality of life in pregnant Japanese women: comparison of hospitalized, outpatient, and non-pregnant women

Nurs Health Sci. 2012 Jun;14(2):182-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-2018.2011.00676.x. Epub 2012 Mar 21.


This cross-sectional study explored the comfort and quality of life in hospitalized, preterm, pregnant women compared with pregnant outpatients, and identified the relationship between comfort, quality of life, and hospitalization. Two-hundred-and-twenty-one hospitalized pregnant women who met the inclusion criteria were recruited from obstetric units, and 1015 outpatient pregnant women were recruited from obstetric outpatient units in Japan. The women were questioned on six domains of the Japanese Short-Form-36 version 2 (bodily pain, general health, vitality, role emotional, social functioning, and mental health) and on their subjective comfort. A total of 189 hospitalized pregnant women and 503 low-risk pregnant women were analyzed. Subjective comfort and all six domains of health-related quality of life showed significantly lower scores for hospitalized women than outpatient women (P < 0.05-0.001). The mean differences in social functioning and role-emotional domains between the two groups were particularly marked. The result of this study suggests that these patients require positive psychological support to improve their comfort and quality of life.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Services Research
  • Hospitalization*
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital
  • Outpatient Clinics, Hospital
  • Outpatients / psychology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnant Women / psychology*
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires