Endovascular thoracic aortic aneurysm repair without angiography

Innovations (Phila). 2009 Jan;4(1):32-5. doi: 10.1097/IMI.0b013e3181987ef2.


Objective: : Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) generates high definition circumferential cross-sectional images and provides real-time readout of vascular dimensions, including visualization of vessel branches. We have used it as an alternative to angiography in the endovascular thoracic aneurysm repair work-up.

Methods: : Out of consecutive 203 patients with descending thoracic aortic aneurysm, 89 (43.8%) received endovascular treatment [mean age, 68 ± 8 years; range, 29-82; male, 79 (88.7%); female, 10 (11.3%)] without using angiography during the endovascular procedure. IVUS (6 F, 12.5 MHz probe or 10 F 9 MHz) coupled with fluoroscopy for the placement of radiopaque markers was used for target site identification, landing zone measurement, device positioning, and assessment of endovascular repair.

Results: : Hospital mortality was 4/89 (4.5%). Number of devices implanted in each patient was 1.2 (range, 1-3). X-ray exposure time was 12 ± 8 minutes. Median procedure time was 63 ± 20 minutes. Conversion to open surgery was necessary in one patient (1.1%) because of aortic dissection. In nine patients (10.1%) left subclavian artery was covered because of a short neck. Two patients (2.2%) had vascular access lesions and required surgical repair. One patient developed paraplegia (1.1%). Early endoleak was observed in eight patients (8.9%) and 4 (4.5%) required additional procedures (proximal or distal extensions). Late conversion was necessary in one patient (1.1%).

Conclusions: : IVUS provides all information necessary for device selection, target site identification as well as safe and correct deployment of thoracic endoprostheses and makes periprocedural angiography unnecessary, thus avoiding the risk of renal failure because of contrast medium.