Background and purpose: We sought to explore the safety and efficacy of the new TREVO stent-like retriever in consecutive patients with acute stroke.
Methods: We conducted a prospective, single-center study of 60 patients (mean age, 71.3 years; male 47%) with stroke lasting <8 hours in the anterior circulation (n=54) or <12 hours in the vertebrobasilar circulation (n=6) treated if CT perfusion/CT angiography confirmed a large artery occlusion, ruled out a malignant profile, or showed target mismatch if symptoms >4.5 hours. Successful recanalization (Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction 2b-3), good outcome (modified Rankin Scale score 0-2) and mortality at Day 90, device-related complications, and symptomatic hemorrhage (parenchymal hematoma Type 1 or parenchymal hematoma Type 2 and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score increment ≥ 4 points) were prospectively assessed.
Results: Median (interquartile range) National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score on admission was 18 (12-22). The median (interquartile range) time from stroke onset to groin puncture was 210 (173-296) minutes. Successful revascularization was obtained in 44 (73.3%) of the cases when only the TREVO device was used and in 52 (86.7%) when other devices or additional intra-arterial tissue-type plasminogen activator were also required. The median time (interquartile range) of the procedure was 80 (45-114) minutes. Good outcome was achieved in 27 (45%) of the patients and the mortality rate was 28.3%. Seven patients (11.7%) presented a symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. No other major complications were detected.
Conclusions: The TREVO device was reasonably safe and effective in patients with severe stroke. These results support further investigation of the TREVO device in multicentric registries and randomized clinical trials.