Between november 1974 and august 1976, 100 acute myeloïd leukemias were treated by the same protocol L. 275. Induction treatment was daunorubicine, vincristine, cytosine arabinoside, in one intensive course for patients under 65 and cyclophosphamide (CPM), VCR and CAR in a less intensive and repetitive courses for patients over 65. In remission, there were three phases: consolidation, prevention of central nervous system leukemia, maintenance. All patients in remission received an androgenotherapy and two groups were randomised: chemotherapy and chemotherapy plus BCG. 68 patients were in complet remission (CR) 61 out of 80 patients under 65 and 7 out of 20 over 65. Median duration of first remission was 12 months. Median duration of survival was 13 months for all patients, 15 months for patients under 65, 3 months for patients over 65, and 22 months for 68 patients in CR. Survival of patients receiving BCG was slightly better than patients without BCG.