Lymphoproliferative disorders associated with hypereosinophilia

Semin Hematol. 2012 Apr;49(2):138-48. doi: 10.1053/j.seminhematol.2012.01.003.

Abstract

Hypereosinophilia, defined as peripheral blood eosinophil counts > 1,500/μL, may complicate the course of various lymphoproliferative disorders. Among these, Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and certain peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) derived from CD4 cells, including Sezary syndrome (SS), adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), and angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), are most commonly associated with increased reactive eosinophilopoiesis. Rarely, marked hypereosinophilia (HE) may occur in the setting of acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, with a substantial impact on disease course. The mechanisms leading to blood and tissue eosinophilia in the setting of lymphoproliferative disorders, as well as the clinical complications and prognostic implications of hypereosinophilia, are discussed in this review.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Hypereosinophilic Syndrome / immunology*
  • Hypereosinophilic Syndrome / pathology
  • Leukopoiesis / immunology
  • Lymphoproliferative Disorders / immunology*
  • Lymphoproliferative Disorders / pathology