Regulation of GATA4 transcriptional activity in cardiovascular development and disease

Curr Top Dev Biol. 2012;100:143-69. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-387786-4.00005-1.

Abstract

Transcription factors regulate formation and function of the heart, and perturbation of transcription factor expression and regulation disrupts normal heart structure and function. Multiple mechanisms regulate the level and locus-specific activity of transcription factors, including transcription, translation, subcellular localization, posttranslational modifications, and context-dependent interactions with other transcription factors, chromatin remodeling enzymes, and epigenetic regulators. The zinc finger transcription factor GATA4 is among the best-studied cardiac transcriptional factors. This review focuses on molecular mechanisms that regulate GATA4 transcriptional activity in the cardiovascular system, providing a framework to investigate and understand the molecular regulation of cardiac gene transcription by other transcription factors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiovascular System / embryology
  • Cardiovascular System / growth & development
  • Cardiovascular System / metabolism*
  • Chromatin
  • GATA4 Transcription Factor / genetics
  • GATA4 Transcription Factor / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Humans
  • Transcriptional Activation*

Substances

  • Chromatin
  • GATA4 Transcription Factor