Interaction of protein 4.1 (4.1R) with the transmembrane protein glycophorin C (GPC) regulates the functions of erythrocyte membrane. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) was used to define the interaction of EGFP-4.1R with DsRed-GPC on transport vesicles (TVs) by measuring their fluctuation in living cells. DsRed-GPC expressed in HeLa cells was delivered to the plasma membrane through slow vesicle transport. EGFP-4.1R, which freely diffused in the cytosol when expressed alone, diffused slowly when co-expressed with DsRed-GPC, indicating association of EGFP-4.1R with TVs. Fluorescence cross-correlation spectroscopy (FCCS) showed direct interaction of EGFP-4.1R with DsRed-GPC on TVs. The present study demonstrates that 4.1R binds to GPC on TVs in living cells.
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