The effects measurement of hand massage by the autonomic activity and psychological indicators

J Med Invest. 2012;59(1-2):206-12. doi: 10.2152/jmi.59.206.


This study examined the effects of hand massage on autonomic activity, anxiety, relaxation and sense of affinity by performing it to healthy people before applying the technic in actual clinical practice. Findings were showed below: 1) the significant increase in the pNN50 and the significant decrease in the heart rate meant the intervention of massage increased the autonomic nervous activity, improved the parasympathetic nerve activity and reduced the sympathetic nerve activity. This means the subjects were considered to be in a state of relaxation. 2) Salivary α amylase has been reported as a possible indicator for sympathetic nerve activity. In this study, there was no significant difference in the salivary α amylase despite a decrease after massage. 3) State anxiety score is temporal situational reactions while being in the state of anxiety and this score decreased significantly after massage. 4) The level of willingness to communicate with other person and the sense of affinity toward the massage-performer had a positive change of 70 percent. From this, it can be considered that a comfortable physical contact between a patient and a nursing profession, who are in a supported-supportive relationship, leads to an effect of shortening the gap in their psychological distance.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anxiety* / nursing
  • Anxiety* / psychology
  • Anxiety* / therapy
  • Autonomic Nervous System / physiology*
  • Female
  • Hand*
  • Holistic Nursing / methods*
  • Humans
  • Massage* / methods
  • Massage* / nursing
  • Massage* / psychology
  • Relaxation Therapy / methods
  • Relaxation Therapy / nursing
  • Relaxation Therapy / psychology
  • Young Adult