Ceria-supported gold nanoparticles are prepared exhibiting peroxidase activity and acting as radical traps. Au/CeO(2) shows a remarkable biocompatibility as demonstrated by measuring cellular viability, proliferation, and lack of apoptosis for two human cell lines (Hep3B and HeLa). The antioxidant activity of Au/CeO(2) against reactive oxygen species (ROS) is demonstrated by studying the cellular behavior of Hep3B and HeLa in a model of cellular oxidative stress. It is determined that Au/CeO(2) exhibits higher antioxidant activity than glutathione, the main cytosolic antioxidant compound, and its CeO(2) carrier. Overall the result presented here shows the potential of implementing well-established nanoparticulated gold catalysts with remarkable biocompatibility in cellular biology.
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