Purpose: In recent years, mechanical thrombectomy using Solitaire stent retrieval has been tried for treating acute ischemic stroke with a large artery occlusion. We systematically reviewed published articles to appraise the evidence that supports the safety and efficacy of the mechanical thrombectomy in acute strokes with Solitaire stent.
Materials and methods: Systematic searches using Medline and Scopus were performed for studies evaluating mechanical thrombectomy using a Solitaire stent in acute ischemic stroke. Articles were included if they were published since 2008, contained at least 5 subjects, and provided clinical results.
Results: Thirteen articles (262 cases) were included in this review. The mean time of the procedures ranged from 37 to 95.6 minutes in 10 studies. The success of recanalization was achieved in 89.7% and the recanalization rate varied from 66.7% to 100% in all 13 studies. The overall rates of the symptomatic hemorrhagic complications and mortality were 6.8% and 11.1%, respectively. A favorable outcome of mRS 2 or under was 47.3%. Procedure-induced complications developed in 3.4%.
Conclusion: The present review suggested that mechanical thrombectomy using a Solitaire stent in acute ischemic stroke was effective in recanalizing the occluded artery. The rate of procedural complications was small.
Keywords: Mechanical recanalization; Self-expanding stent; Solitaire; Stroke; Systematic review.