Objective: To report the incidence of fetal and maternal complications after selective fetoscopic laser surgery for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS).
Methods: A total of 150 cases of TTTS were treated from January 2004 to June 2009 (period 1, 2004-2006, 62 cases; period 2, 2007 to June 2009, 88 cases). Fetal complications (double and single intrauterine fetal death, recurrence of TTTS, twin anemia-polycythemia sequence (TAPS), reversal of TTTS, cerebral lesions in one twin) and maternal complications were recorded, and retrospectively analyzed.
Results: Nineteen (12.6%), 58 (38.7%), 61 (40.7%) and 12 cases (8.0%) were classified preoperatively as Quintero stage I, II, III and IV, respectively. The anterior placenta was described in 73 cases (48.6%). Double and single fetal death occurred overall in 7.3 and 36.0% of cases, respectively. The rate of recurrence was 11.3%, of TAPS 3.3%, and of reversal of TTTS 1.3%. Cerebral lesions were diagnosed in 3 donors (2.0%). Eighteen cases (12.0%) of fetal complications had a second procedure (6 repeat laser, 4 serial amnioreduction, 8 bipolar cord coagulation). Pregnancies undergoing a second procedure delivered at a median gestational age of 30.2 weeks compared to 32.1 weeks for those not repeating (p = 0.04). Perinatal survival of at least one twin improved from 66.1 to 79.5% (p = 0.06) in the two consecutive periods. For every 10 laser surgeries performed, there was an average improvement of 1.5% in the predicted percentage of survival of at least one twin (OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.00-1.19). Major maternal complications occurred in 9 cases (6.0%), 3 of which required admission to intensive care unit.
Conclusions: Fetal complications are common after fetoscopic laser surgery. In this experience, an increasing number of procedures improved the performance of a new fetoscopic laser center.
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.