A pilot study of the effects of internet-based cognitive stimulation on neuropsychological function in HIV disease

Disabil Rehabil. 2012;34(21):1848-52. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2012.667188. Epub 2012 Mar 30.


Purpose: Mild cognitive deficits associated with HIV disease can affect activities of daily living, so interventions that reduce them may have a long-term effect on quality of life. We evaluated the feasibility of a cognitive stimulation program (CSP) to improve neuropsychological test performance in HIV disease.

Methods: Sixty volunteers (30 HIV-infected) participated. The primary outcome was the change in neuropsychological test performance as indexed by the Global Impairment Rating; secondary outcomes included mood (Brief Symptom Inventory subscales) and quality of life rating (Medical Outcomes Survey-HIV) scales.

Results: Fifty-two participants completed all 24 weeks of the study, and 54% of the participants in the CSP group successfully used the system via internet access from their home or other location. There was a significant interaction between usage and study visit such that the participants who used the program most frequently showed significantly greater improvements in cognitive functioning (F(3, 46.4 = 3.26, p = 0.030); none of the secondary outcomes were affected by the dose of CSP.

Conclusions: We found it possible to complete an internet-based CSP in HIV-infected individuals; ease of internet access was a key component for success. Participants who used the program most showed improvements in cognitive function over the 24-week period, suggesting that a larger clinical trial of CSP may be warranted.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy / methods*
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / psychology
  • Cognitive Dysfunction / therapy*
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • HIV Infections / psychology
  • Humans
  • Internet*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neuropsychological Tests / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Treatment Outcome