Direct visualization of Bcl-2 family protein interactions using live cell fluorescent protein redistribution assays

Cell Death Dis. 2012 Mar 29;3(3):e288. doi: 10.1038/cddis.2012.28.


Bcl-2 family proteins have important roles in tumor initiation, progression and resistance to therapy. Pro-survival Bcl-2 proteins are regulated by their interactions with pro-death BH3-only proteins making these protein-protein interactions attractive therapeutic targets. Although these interactions have been extensively characterized biochemically, there is a paucity of tools to assess these interactions in cells. Here, we address this limitation by developing quantitative, high throughput microscopy assays to characterize Bcl-2 and BH3-only protein interactions in live cells. We use fluorescent proteins to label the interacting proteins of interest, enabling visualization and quantification of their mitochondria-localized interactions. Using tool compounds, we demonstrate the suitability of our assays to characterize the cellular activity of putative therapeutic molecules that target the interaction between pro-survival Bcl-2 and pro-death BH3-only proteins. In addition to the relevance of our assays for drug discovery, we anticipate that our work will contribute to an improved understanding of the mechanisms that regulate these important protein-protein interactions within the cell.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Apoptosis
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein / analysis
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein / genetics
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein / metabolism
  • HEK293 Cells
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays
  • Humans
  • Luminescent Proteins / genetics
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism*
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Protein Interaction Mapping
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / analysis
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / analysis
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism


  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins