Solving the puzzles of cutin and suberin polymer biosynthesis

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2012 Jun;15(3):329-37. doi: 10.1016/j.pbi.2012.03.003. Epub 2012 Mar 30.


Cutin and suberin are insoluble lipid polymers that provide critical barrier functions to the cell wall of certain plant tissues, including the epidermis, endodermis and periderm. Genes that are specific to the biosynthesis of cutins and/or aliphatic suberins have been identified, mainly in Arabidopsis thaliana. They notably encode acyltransferases, oxidases and transporters, which may have either well-defined or more debatable biochemical functions. However, despite these advances, important aspects of cutin and suberin synthesis remain obscure. Central questions include whether fatty acyl monomers or oligomers are exported, and the extent of extracellular assembly and attachment to the cell wall. These issues are reviewed. Greater emphasis on chemistry and biochemistry will be required to solve these unknowns and link structure with function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cell Wall / chemistry
  • Cell Wall / metabolism*
  • Fatty Acids / biosynthesis
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Lipids / biosynthesis*
  • Lipids / chemistry
  • Membrane Lipids / biosynthesis*
  • Membrane Lipids / chemistry
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Chemical
  • Molecular Structure
  • Monoglycerides / biosynthesis
  • Monoglycerides / chemistry
  • Plant Epidermis / chemistry
  • Plant Epidermis / metabolism
  • Polymers / chemistry
  • Polymers / metabolism*


  • Fatty Acids
  • Lipids
  • Membrane Lipids
  • Monoglycerides
  • Polymers
  • cutin
  • suberin