Background: It is well-established that the risk of postpolypectomy bleeding (PPB) increases with polyp size, but little is known about the factors that predict PPB in polyps larger than 10 mm.
Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the incidence and risk factors for PPB in colorectal polyps larger than 10 mm.
Methods: A historical cohort study was carried out in an open access endoscopy unit from January 2007 to December 2008. Endoscopic polypectomy was performed in 1894 (28%) patients. Clinical records of patients with polyps of at least 10 mm were reviewed. Data on demographics, comorbidity, polyp-related features, and resection technique were collected. The incidence of immediate bleeding (during polypectomy) and delayed bleeding (up to 1 month later) was assessed.
Results: A total of 424 large polyps (median size=12 mm; P₂₅-P₇₅: 10-16 mm) were resected. Thirty-five episodes of PPB occurred in 33 (7.8%) polyps, of which 12 (2.8%) were delayed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that a polyp size of at least 14 mm was the most important predictor of PPB [odds ratio (OR) 3.17, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.492-6.751, P=0.003], compared with the presence of a villous architecture (OR 2.23, 95% CI 1.056-4.705, P=0.035) or high-grade dysplasia (OR 2.96, 95% CI 1.305-6.692, P=0.009).
Conclusion: In the current study, the rate of PPB was almost 8% in polyps larger than 10 mm, occurring in most cases during the endoscopic procedure. A polyp of size at least 14 mm was the most important predictor for PPB. Prospective studies are needed to determine whether preventive endoscopic therapy may reduce PPB in these patients.