Spectrum of all-terrain vehicle injuries in adults: A case series and review of the literature

Int J Surg Case Rep. 2012;3(6):222-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2012.01.012. Epub 2012 Feb 19.


Introduction: Serious injury secondary to all terrain vehicle usage has been widely reported since the 1970s. All-terrain vehicles (ATV) or 'quad bikes' are four wheeled vehicles used for agricultural work, recreation and adventure sport. Data collected in the U.S. indicates that ATV related injury and fatality is increasing annually.

Presentation of cases: This case series describes 3 cases of significant ATV related trauma in adults presenting to one regional hospital in the West of Ireland over a 12month period.

Discussion: Epidemiology, mechanisms of injury, spectrum of injury in adults and preventative measures to reduce the number of ATV related injuries and fatalities are discussed here with a review of the literature.

Conclusion: A paucity of research outside of North America is highlighted by this case series. Mandatory reporting of ATV related injury, educational, training and legislative measures are suggested as injury prevention strategies.