Background: Selective metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) antagonists inhibit transient lower oesophageal sphincter relaxations (TLESRs) in animals and acid reflux in humans.
Aim: To assess the effect of single doses of the mGluR5 antagonist AZD2066 on TLESRs and reflux in humans.
Methods: Healthy male volunteers received AZD2066 13 mg and placebo (part A), or AZD2066 2 mg and AZD2066 6 mg and placebo (part B), in a randomised crossover study. Postprandial manometry/pH-impedance measurements were taken after each dose.
Results: A total of 13 individuals completed part A of the study and 19 individuals completed part B. There was a significant reduction in the geometric mean number of TLESRs (27%; P = 0.02) and the geometric mean number of reflux episodes (51%; P = 0.01) in subjects receiving AZD2066 13 mg compared with placebo. Adverse events in participants receiving AZD2066 13 mg were mostly related to the nervous system [dizziness (3/13); disturbance in attention (3/13)]. Adverse events were reversible and of mild intensity. There were no serious adverse events. The effects of AZD2066 appeared dose-dependent, with smaller reductions in TLESRs and reflux episodes (relative to placebo) and fewer adverse events observed for AZD2066 2 mg and AZD2066 6 mg compared with AZD2066 13 mg.
Conclusion: The mGluR5-mediated inhibition of TLESRs may be a useful approach for inhibiting gastro-oesophageal reflux.
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.