Strategies for modulating the inflammatory response after decompression from abdominal compartment syndrome

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2012 Apr 3;20:25. doi: 10.1186/1757-7241-20-25.


Background: Management of the open abdomen is an increasingly common part of surgical practice. The purpose of this review is to examine the scientific background for the use of temporary abdominal closure (TAC) in the open abdomen as a way to modulate the local and systemic inflammatory response, with an emphasis on decompression after abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).

Methods: A review of the relevant English language literature was conducted. Priority was placed on articles published within the last 5 years.

Results/conclusion: Recent data from our group and others have begun to lay the foundation for the concept of TAC as a method to modulate the local and/or systemic inflammatory response in patients with an open abdomen resulting from ACS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abdomen
  • Abdominal Cavity / surgery*
  • Decompression, Surgical / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Intra-Abdominal Hypertension / surgery*
  • Laparotomy / adverse effects*
  • Laparotomy / methods
  • Peritonitis / etiology
  • Peritonitis / therapy*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*