The procedure of tracheotomy dates back to ancient times. Its use has been adapted in the neonatal and pediatric population over the past half-century. Despite being a life-saving measure, tracheotomy-related mortality rates range from 0.5 to 3.6%, and this procedure is not without significant and sometimes frequent complications. Techniques regarding pediatric tracheotomy vary from surgeon to surgeon and include orientation of skin incision, removal of subcutaneous tissue, orientation of tracheotomy, maturation and stay sutures, as well postoperative care and surveillance. In this chapter, the authors detail their technique for tracheotomy. Surgical pearls for success are highlighted.
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.