Isolated short segment tracheal stenosis occurs in a relatively rare subpopulation of patients with laryngotracheal stenosis. Etiologies include both acquired and congenital, the most common being the acquired type. Management options include observation, endoscopic balloon dilation with or without CO(2) laser, stent placement and open airway surgery. In this chapter, we will discuss tracheal resection and reanastomosis with emphasis on surgical pearls for success.
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