Loss of Vitamin B(12) in Fish (Round Herring) Meats During Various Cooking Treatments

J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2011;57(6):432-6. doi: 10.3177/jnsv.57.432.


The loss of vitamin B(12) in round herring meats during various cooking treatments was evaluated. Although amounts of vitamin B(12) were three times greater in the viscera (37.5 ± 10.6 µg/100 g fresh weight) than in the meats, about 73% of total vitamin B(12) found in the whole fish body (except for head and bones) were recovered in the meats (5.1 ± 1.0 µg of vitamin B(12)). The vitamin B(12) contents of the round herring's meats were significantly decreased up to ~62% during cooking by grilling, boiling, frying, steaming, and microwaving. There was, however, no loss of vitamin B(12) during vacuum-packed pouch cooking. Model experiment using hydroxocobalamin suggest that loss of vitamin B(12) is dependent on the degree of temperature and time used in conventional cooking, and is further affected by the concomitant ingredients of food. Retention of vitamin B(12) was not dependent on vacuum or temperature (or both) used in the vacuum-packed pouch cooking.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cooking / methods*
  • Diet
  • Fishes*
  • Hot Temperature*
  • Humans
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Nutritive Value
  • Seafood / analysis*
  • Vacuum
  • Viscera / metabolism
  • Vitamin B 12 / metabolism*


  • Vitamin B 12