Adrenocortical carcinoma: past, present, and future

J Surg Oncol. 2012 Oct 1;106(5):586-94. doi: 10.1002/jso.23112. Epub 2012 Apr 3.


Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare endocrine malignancy. Due to its rarity, heterogeneity, and a lack of a comprehensive understanding of the pathogenesis, little progress has been made in treatment and outcomes. The current review explores the past, present, and future of the understanding and treatment of this disease process.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Humans