Osteoarthritis 1: Physiology, risk factors and causes of pain

Nurs Times. 2012 Feb 14-20;108(7):12-5.


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a synovial joint disorder characterised by pain, stiffness, and restricted function. It is often classed as a degenerative disease because the affected joints deteriorate over time. This article, the first in a three-part series, describes the complex pathophysiology and causes of pain in OA, risk factors, and how it is diagnosed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthralgia* / epidemiology
  • Arthralgia* / nursing
  • Arthralgia* / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Osteoarthritis* / epidemiology
  • Osteoarthritis* / nursing
  • Osteoarthritis* / physiopathology
  • Risk Factors