Efficacy of an incentive-based community smoking cessation program

Addict Behav. 1990;15(5):403-11. doi: 10.1016/0306-4603(90)90026-t.


Although the number of smokers has declined in recent years, many people remain resistant to traditional smoking cessation programs. Therefore, new and innovative approaches have been attempted. This study describes the application and effects of a community-wide smoking cessation program over three successive years. Smoking cessation rates ranged from 10.6% (CO verified) to 30.1% (self-report) at 1 month, and 17.3% to 24.5% at 1 year follow-up. Analyses revealed that successful quitters were more likely to have heart about the program at work and to have used materials contained in the self-help kit; and were more likely to be married and have a higher average income than either people who attempted to quit or made no attempt. Twelve-month follow-up data were used to classify participants into four new, distinct groups: maintainers, new quitters, relapsers, and nonquitters. Maintainers were more likely to have heard about the program at work and less likely to have become involved at Octoberfest. These programs do reach representative samples of the community. Their results compare favorably to other minimal contact intervention and physician-mediated efforts.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health Education / methods
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation*
  • Rhode Island
  • Smoking Prevention*