Purpose: The local site of relapse in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is primarily located in the high FDG uptake region of the primary tumour prior to treatment. A phase II PET-boost trial (NCT01024829) randomises patients between dose-escalation of the entire primary tumour (arm A) or to the high FDG uptake region inside the primary tumour (>50% SUV(max)) (arm B), whilst giving 66 Gy in 24 fractions to involved lymph nodes. We analysed the planning results of the first 20 patients for which both arms A and B were planned.
Methods: Boost dose levels were escalated up to predefined normal tissue constraints with an equal mean lung dose in both arms. This also forces an equal mean PTV dose in both arms, hence testing pure dose-redistribution. Actual delivered treatment plans from the ongoing clinical trial were analysed. Patients were randomised between arms A and B if dose-escalation to the primary tumour in arm A of at least 72 Gy in 24 fractions could be safely planned.
Results: 15/20 patients could be escalated to at least 72 Gy. Average prescribed fraction dose was 3.27±0.31 Gy [3.01-4.28 Gy] and 3.63±0.54 Gy [3.20-5.40 Gy] for arms A and B, respectively. Average mean total dose inside the PTV of the primary tumour was comparable: 77.3±7.9 Gy vs. 77.5±10.1 Gy. For the boost region dose levels of on average 86.9±14.9 Gy were reached. No significant dose differences between both arms were observed for the organs at risk. Most frequent observed dose-limiting constraints were the mediastinal structures (13/15 and 14/15 for arms A and B, respectively), and the brachial plexus (3/15 for both arms).
Conclusion: Dose-escalation using an integrated boost could be achieved to the primary tumour or high FDG uptake regions whilst keeping the pre-defined dose constraints.
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