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, 27 Suppl 3, 29-33

Indocyanine Green Injection for Detecting Sentinel Nodes Using Color Fluorescence Camera in the Laparoscopy-Assisted Gastrectomy

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Indocyanine Green Injection for Detecting Sentinel Nodes Using Color Fluorescence Camera in the Laparoscopy-Assisted Gastrectomy

Masashi Yoshida et al. J Gastroenterol Hepatol.

Abstract

Background and aim: We seek for the accurate and simple method for detecting sentinel nodes of gastric cancer which can be popularized in community hospitals. The indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence-guided method is reported to be sensitive. However, the ordinal fluorescence cameras have gray scale imaging and require a dark room. We have developed a new device, Hyper Eye Medical System (HEMS) which can simultaneously detect color and near-infrared rays and can be used under room light. This study was planned to examine whether submucosal injection of 0.5 mL × 4 of 50 µg/mL ICG on the day before operation is the adequate administration for detecting sentinel nodes using HEMS in the gastric cancer surgery.

Methods: The patients underwent gastrectomy for clinical T1a (mucosa)-T2 (muscularis propria) and clinical N0 were enrolled in the present study. As a preliminary trial, one case each of the ICG 25 and 100 µg/mL, injected on the day before operation and intraoperative injection, was examined. Then, 10 cases injected 50 µg/mL ICG on the day before operation were examined.

Results: The ICG fluorescence of the patient injected 100 µg/mL was too intense and that of the patient injected 25 µg/mL was too faint. Sentinel lymph nodes were detected in all of 10 cases injected 50 µg/mL, the day before operation and number of sentinel lymph nodes per patient was 3.6 ± 2.1. Metastasis was observed in one case. All of ICG fluorescence-positive sentinel nodes were positive for the metastasis. In the patient who underwent intraoperative injection, sentinel lymphatic basins could be identified.

Conclusion: The present study shows that HEMS-guided abdominal surgery is feasible under room light. Submucosal injection of 0.5 mL × 4 of 50 µg/mL ICG on the day before operation is the adequate administration for detecting sentinel nodes using HEMS in the gastric cancer surgery.

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