Objective: The tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), as echocardiographic index to assess right ventricular (RV) systolic function, has not been investigated thoroughly in children and young adults with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and pulmonary artery hypertension secondary to congenital heart disease (PAH-CHD).
Patients: TAPSE values of 49 patients with PAH-CHD and 156 patients with TOF were compared with age-matched normal subjects. TAPSE values were also compared with RV ejection fraction (RVEF) and RV indexed end-diastolic volume (RVEDVi) determined by magnetic resonance imaging in PAH-CHD and TOF patients.
Results: Patients with a PAH-CHD showed a positive correlation between TAPSE with RVEF (r= 0.81; P < 0.001) and a negative correlation between TAPSE with RVEDVi (r=-0.67; P < 0.001). Similarly, in our TOF patients, a positive correlation between TAPSE with RVEF (r= 0.65; P < 0.001) and a negative correlation between TAPSE with RVEDVi (r=-0.42; P < 0.001) was seen.
Conclusions: Significant pressure overload in PAH-CHD patients and volume overload in TOF patients lead to a decreased systolic RV function, determined by TAPSE and magnetic resonance imaging and to increased RVEDVi values, determined by MRI, with time.
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.