Femoral trochlear dysplasia is an anatomic deformity that predisposes patients to patellar instability, including patellar subluxation and dislocation, and can lead to severe patellofemoral joint degeneration if left untreated. Femoral trochlear dysplasia leading to recurrent bilateral patellar dislocation has rarely been reported as having a familial association. Orthopedic surgeons who encounter patients presenting with chronic patellar instability with no underlying disease or syndrome should be aware of the presence of femoral trochlear dysplasia leading to recurrent bilateral patellar dislocation. Although femoral trochlear dysplasia remains uncommon, the presence of bilateral recurrent patellar dislocation in multiple members of the same family is highly suggestive of genetic inheritance.This article describes 3 patients from 1 family who presented with femoral trochlear dysplasia leading to recurrent bilateral patellar dislocation. To our knowledge, this is the second article to describe a familial form of femoral trochlear dysplasia associated with recurrent bilateral patellar dislocation and is the first article in English. A lower threshold for screening and early intervention for symptomatic family members may be indicated to prevent the long-term effects of chronic patellar subluxation, dislocation, and patellofemoral arthritis.
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