Background: Patients with diabetes have more extensive coronary disease than those without diabetes, resulting in more challenging percutaneous coronary intervention or surgical (coronary artery bypass graft) revascularization and more residual jeopardized myocardium. The Bypass Angioplasty Revascularization Investigation 2 Diabetes (BARI 2D) trial provided an opportunity to examine the long-term clinical impact of completeness of revascularization in patients with diabetes.
Methods and results: This is a post hoc, nonrandomized analysis of the completeness of revascularization in 751 patients who were randomly assigned to early revascularization, of whom 264 underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery and 487 underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. The completeness of revascularization was determined by the residual postprocedure myocardial jeopardy index (RMJI). RMJI is a ratio of the number of myocardial territories supplied by a significantly diseased epicardial coronary artery or branch that was not successfully revascularized, divided by the total number of myocardial territories. Mean follow-up for mortality was 5.3 years. Complete revascularization (RMJI=0) was achieved in 37.9% of patients, mildly incomplete revascularization (RMJI >0≤33) in 46.6%, and moderately to severely incomplete revascularization (RMJI >33) in 15.4%. Adjusted event-free survival was higher in patients with more complete revascularization (hazard ratio, 1.14; P=0.0018).
Conclusions: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and less complete revascularization had more long-term cardiovascular events.
Clinical trial registration: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00006305.