Physical activity and colon cancer: a case-referent study in Stockholm

Int J Cancer. 1990 Dec 15;46(6):985-9. doi: 10.1002/ijc.2910460606.


A population-based case-referent study on physical activity (during working and recreational hours) and colon cancer was performed in Stockholm in 1986-1988. The study included 1,081 subjects. Low physical activity was associated with an excess risk of colon (but not rectum) cancer for both men and women, showing a dose-response relationship with decreasing levels of physical activity. The effect was seen in the left colon (relative risk = 3.2, 95% confidence interval = 1.5-7.0) rather than in the right colon (relative risk = 1.1, 0.5-2.5). These results persisted after adjustment for year of birth, gender, body mass, intake of total energy, protein, total fat, dietary fibre, and browned meat surface.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology*
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Colonic Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Exercise*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rectal Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Risk
  • Risk Factors
  • Sweden / epidemiology