Isolation of polyamine transport-deficient mutants of Escherichia coli and cloning of the genes for polyamine transport proteins

J Biol Chem. 1990 Dec 5;265(34):20893-7.


Escherichia coli KK313, which was deficient in spermidine transport, was isolated by treatment of E. coli MA261 with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine. E. coli NH1596, which was deficient in spermidine transport and has a 90% decreased putrescine transport activity, was obtained by a second treatment of E. coli KK313 with the same mutagen. Genes for polyamine transport systems were isolated by transforming E. coli NH1596 through DNA fragments from E. coli DR112 using pACYC184 as a vector. One clone for the gene of protein(s) catalyzing both putrescine and spermidine uptake (pPT104) was isolated. Two clones for the genes of protein(s) catalyzing only putrescine uptake (pPT79 and pPT71) were obtained. The genes encoded by pPT104, pPT79, and pPT71 were mapped at 15, 19, and 16 min of E. coli chromosome, respectively. Spermidine uptake by NH1596 carrying pPT104, and by MA261, was not inhibited by putrescine and several polyamine analogues, and the Kt values of these two systems were both approximately 0.1 microM. Putrescine transport by NH1596 carrying pPT104 was inhibited completely by spermidine, N,N-dimethyl-4,4'-bipyridylium (paraquat), and N1-acetyl-spermidine, and the Kt value was 1.4 microM. Putrescine uptake by NH1596 carrying pPT79 or pPT71 was not inhibited by spermidine and several polyamine analogues, and the Kt values were 0.5 and 1.8 microM, respectively. In MA261, the putrescine uptake was inhibited by 25-35% by paraquat and N1-acetyl-polyamines and showed two Kt values, 0.5 and 1.5 microM. Based on these findings, the polyamine transport systems of E. coli are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics*
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Kinetics
  • Methylnitronitrosoguanidine / pharmacology
  • Mutation*
  • Polyamines / metabolism*
  • Polyamines / pharmacology


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Polyamines
  • Methylnitronitrosoguanidine