The Effects of Deep Breathing on 'Tension-Anxiety' and Fatigue in Cancer Patients Undergoing Adjuvant Chemotherapy

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2012 May;18(2):94-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2011.10.001. Epub 2011 Nov 9.


Aims: We investigated the effect of deep breathing intervention on 'tension-anxiety' and fatigue in Japanese women with gynaecological cancer undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy.

Setting: A total of 23 patients were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 11) and control (n = 12) groups.

Intervention: Deep breathing was practised in the intervention group, but not in the control group. Deep breathing comprised a 10-min breathing program comprising abdominal breathing, thoracic breathing and breathing with arms raised. Using the Profile of Mood States-Short Form (Japanese version) and the Cancer Fatigue Scale, the effects were assessed pre- and post-chemotherapy.

Results: 'Tension-anxiety' and fatigue of the intervention group were relieved more than those of the control group.

Conclusions: The findings indicated that deep breathing intervention is likely to ameliorate the 'tension-anxiety' and fatigue in patients with gynaecological cancer undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Anxiety / therapy*
  • Breathing Exercises*
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant / methods
  • Fatigue / etiology
  • Fatigue / therapy*
  • Female
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female / drug therapy
  • Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Middle Aged
  • Stress, Psychological / etiology
  • Stress, Psychological / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome