Lifestyle and dietary factors in the prevention of lethal prostate cancer

Asian J Androl. 2012 May;14(3):365-74. doi: 10.1038/aja.2011.142. Epub 2012 Apr 16.


The prevention of lethal prostate cancer is a critical public health challenge that would improve health and reduce suffering from this disease. In this review, we discuss the evidence surrounding specific lifestyle and dietary factors in the prevention of lethal prostate cancer. We present a summary of evidence for the following selected behavioral risk factors: obesity and weight change, physical activity, smoking, antioxidant intake, vitamin D and calcium, and coffee intake.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antioxidants
  • Calcium / administration & dosage
  • Coffee
  • Diet*
  • Health Behavior*
  • Humans
  • Life Style*
  • Male
  • Motor Activity
  • Obesity
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / mortality
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / prevention & control*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / psychology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Reduction Behavior*
  • Smoking
  • Survival Rate
  • Vitamin D / administration & dosage


  • Antioxidants
  • Coffee
  • Vitamin D
  • Calcium