Background: This study aims to study changes in blood volume after 1 litre infusions of Gelofusine(®) [4% succinylated gelatine in 0.7% saline, weight-average molecular weight (MWw) 30 kDa] and Voluven(®) (6% hydroxyethyl starch in 0.9% saline, MWw 130 kDa) in the presence of increased capillary permeability.
Methods: In this randomized double-blind study, adults undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy received 1 litre of Gelofusine(®) (n=12) or Voluven(®) (n=13) over 1 h at the induction of anaesthesia. No other fluids were given. Haematocrit, serum electrolytes, and osmolality were measured before infusion and hourly thereafter for 4 h. Changes in blood volume were calculated from changes in haematocrit. The urinary albumin:creatinine ratio (ACR) was measured before and after operation.
Results: Baseline parameters before the two infusions were similar (P>0.050). The urinary ACR increased significantly after operation after Gelofusine(®) (P=0.011) and Voluven(®) (P=0.002), indicating increased capillary permeability. Voluven(®) produced a greater increase in serum chloride concentration (P=0.028) and a larger decrease in strong ion difference (P=0.009) than Gelofusine(®). There were no significant differences in changes in haematocrit (P=0.523) and blood volume (P=0.404) over the study period when the two infusions were compared, nor were there any differences in serum sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, and albumin concentrations (P>0.050). Urine output, sodium concentration, and osmolality were similar after the two infusions (P>0.050).
Conclusions: The blood volume-expanding effects of the two colloids were not significantly different, despite the increase in postoperative urinary ACR and the 100 kDa difference in MWw.