Functional Characterization of an IgE-class Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the Bullous Pemphigoid Autoantigen, BP180

Hybridoma (Larchmt). 2012 Apr;31(2):111-7. doi: 10.1089/hyb.2011.0102.

Abstract

BP180 (collagen XVII) is the target antigen in several autoimmune diseases including bullous pemphigoid (BP). Both IgE and IgG class autoantibodies have been shown to be pathogenic in BP; however, studies designed to elucidate the patho-mechanisms mediated specifically by the IgE-class autoantibodies are limited by the low levels (ng/mL) of IgE in human sera. In this report, we developed mouse IgE class monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against the immunodominant NC16A domain of the human BP180 protein and characterized two of the resultant MAbs, designated 395A5 and 395D2. Epitope mapping studies revealed that both MAbs target segment 2 of NC16A, as was described for IgE and IgG class BP autoantibodies. Also similar to BP IgE, MAb 395A5 showed indirect immunofluorescence labeling of the basement membrane zone (BMZ) of human skin, stimulated histamine release from mast cells when triggered with NC16A, and induced keratinocyte production of IL-8. The 395D2 MAb was also able to trigger antigen-specific histamine release from mast cells; however, in contrast to BP IgE and 395A5, 395D2 did not label the cutaneous BMZ, nor did it induce IL-8 production in keratinocytes. In summary, these studies underscore the importance of functionally characterizing MAbs generated for use in human disease models. The 395A5 IgE class murine MAb was shown to share several key functional properties with the pathogenically active IgE produced by BP patients. We therefore expect that this MAb will prove to be a useful tool for dissecting the mechanisms used by BP180-NC16A-specific IgE antibodies in the induction of BP skin lesions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / metabolism*
  • Autoantibodies / blood
  • Autoantibodies / immunology
  • Autoantigens / immunology*
  • Basement Membrane / immunology
  • Basement Membrane / metabolism
  • Female
  • Histamine Release / immunology
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin E / blood
  • Immunoglobulin E / immunology*
  • Interleukin-8 / immunology
  • Interleukin-8 / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Non-Fibrillar Collagens / immunology*
  • Pemphigoid, Bullous / immunology*
  • Pemphigoid, Bullous / metabolism
  • Pemphigoid, Bullous / pathology

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Autoantibodies
  • Autoantigens
  • Interleukin-8
  • Non-Fibrillar Collagens
  • collagen type XVII
  • Immunoglobulin E