Background: Ex vivo simulation-based technical skills training has been shown to improve operating room performance and shorten learning curves for basic laparoscopic procedures. The application of such training for laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGBP) has not been reviewed.
Methods: Relevant studies were identified by one author from a search of MEDLINE and Embase databases from 1 January 1994 to 30 November 2010. Studies examining the learning curves and ex vivo training methods for LRYGBP were included; all other types of bariatric operations were excluded. A manual search of the references was also performed to identify additional potentially relevant papers.
Results: Twelve studies (5 prospective and 7 retrospective case series) were selected for review. The learning curve for LRYGBP was reported to be 50-100 procedures. Bench-top laparoscopic jejunojejunostomy, anaesthetized animals and Thiel human cadavers made up the bulk of the reported models for ex vivo training. Most studies were of relatively poor quality. An evidence-based ex vivo training curriculum for LRYGBP is currently lacking.
Conclusion: Better quality studies are needed to define the learning curve for LRYGBP. Future studies should focus on the design and validation of training models, and a comprehensive curriculum for training and assessment of cognitive, technical and non-technical components of competency for laparoscopic bariatric surgery.
Copyright © 2012 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.