Functional reinnervation of vocal folds after selective laryngeal adductor denervation-reinnervation surgery for spasmodic dysphonia

J Voice. 2012 Sep;26(5):602-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2011.10.008. Epub 2012 Apr 18.


Selective laryngeal adductor denervation-reinnervation surgery (SLAD-R) offers a viable surgical alternative for patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia refractory to botulinum toxin injections. SLAD-R selectively denervates the symptomatic thyroarytenoid muscle by dividing the distal adductor branch of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN), and preventing reinnervation, by the proximal RLN and maintaining vocal fold bulk and tone by reinnervating the distal RLN with the ansa cervicalis. We present a patient who had previously undergone successful SLAD-R but presented 10 years postoperatively with a new regional dystonia involving his strap muscles translocated to his reinnervated larynx by his previous ansa-RLN neurorraphy. The patient's symptomatic vocal fold adduction resolved completely on division of the ansa-RLN neurorraphy confirming successful selective functional reinnervation of vocal fold adductors by the ansa cervicalis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dysphonia / physiopathology
  • Dysphonia / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Laryngeal Muscles / innervation*
  • Male
  • Muscle Denervation / methods*
  • Recurrence
  • Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve / physiopathology
  • Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve / surgery*
  • Reoperation
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vocal Cords / innervation*
  • Voice Quality