Molecular pathology

Mol Oncol. 2012 Apr;6(2):177-81. doi: 10.1016/j.molonc.2012.02.007. Epub 2012 Mar 23.


Molecular pathology as applied to neoplasia is a rapidly expanding component of the discipline of pathology that uses molecular biology tools in addition to conventional morphologic, immunohistochemical and chemical analyses of abnormalities in tissues and cells to understand the etiology and pathogenesis of tumors, establish their diagnosis, and contribute to prognostication and therapeutic decisions for cancer patient care. Biomarkers are a fundamental component of personalized cancer care, and the discipline of molecular pathology therefore contributes throughout the continuum from biomarker research to use in standard-of-care personalized cancer therapy. This brief review addresses some of the specific roles of molecular pathology in that continuum.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Prognosis


  • Biomarkers, Tumor