Diagnosis, treatment and prevention of ankle sprains: an evidence-based clinical guideline

Br J Sports Med. 2012 Sep;46(12):854-60. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2011-090490. Epub 2012 Apr 20.


Ankle injuries are a huge medical and socioeconomic problem. Many people have a traumatic injury of the ankle, most of which are a result of sports. Total costs of treatment and work absenteeism due to ankle injuries are high. The prevention of recurrences can result in large savings on medical costs. A multidisciplinary clinical practice guideline was developed with the aim to prevent further health impairment of patients with acute lateral ankle ligament injuries by giving recommendations with respect to improved diagnostic and therapeutic opportunities. The recommendations are based on evidence from published scientific research, which was extensively discussed by the guideline committee. This clinical guideline is helpful for healthcare providers who are involved in the management of patients with ankle injuries.

Publication types

  • Consensus Development Conference
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ankle Injuries / diagnosis
  • Ankle Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Ankle Injuries / therapy
  • Athletic Injuries / diagnosis
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy
  • Braces
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Exercise Therapy / methods
  • Health Personnel
  • Humans
  • Hypothermia, Induced / methods
  • Ice
  • Immobilization / methods
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Ligaments, Articular / injuries
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Prognosis
  • Rehabilitation, Vocational / methods
  • Risk Factors
  • Sprains and Strains / diagnosis
  • Sprains and Strains / prevention & control*
  • Sprains and Strains / therapy
  • Surgical Tape


  • Ice