The power of policy change, federal collaboration, and state coordination in healthcare-associated infection prevention

Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Aug;55(3):426-31. doi: 10.1093/cid/cis407. Epub 2012 Apr 20.


Policymakers have prioritized the prevention of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) as a double-win that can both improve health outcomes and reduce healthcare costs. In the past few years, state and federal policymakers have developed policies to improve coordination and promote transparency and prevention. At the federal level, congressional oversight, policy directives, and targeted funding have helped focus national HAI prevention efforts through the Department of Health and Human Services Action Plan to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections. The development of this action plan and the collaboration of its implementing agencies-the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality-have heightened nationwide awareness of HAIs and their preventability, and provided an infrastructure and tools to reduce HAIs. State policymakers have also acted to promote local transparency and tailor prevention efforts to local needs. The collaboration and action generated by these state and federal efforts have helped accelerate HAI prevention across the United States.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cooperative Behavior*
  • Cross Infection / epidemiology*
  • Cross Infection / prevention & control*
  • Health Policy*
  • Humans
  • United States