Serotonin uptake and serotonin uptake inhibition

Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1990;600:68-78; discussion 79-80. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.1990.tb16873.x.


Serotonin uptake carriers occur on serotonin neurons, on glial cells and on blood platelets. The uptake carrier on serotonin neurons inactivates serotonin that has been released into the synaptic cleft by transporting it back into the nerve terminal. The serotonin uptake carrier is the means by which blood platelets acquire serotonin, since they do not synthesize it. The function of the serotonin uptake carrier on glial cells is poorly understood. Selective inhibitors of serotonin uptake enhance neurotransmission via serotonergic neurons and have been useful pharmacologic tools for studying physiologic roles of serotonin neurons. Some serotonin uptake inhibitors are finding therapeutic uses in mental depression and other psychiatric disorders and in treating obesity and bulimia; other therapeutic applications continue to be evaluated.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Depression / drug therapy
  • Kinetics
  • Mental Disorders / drug therapy
  • Serotonin / metabolism*
  • Serotonin Antagonists / pharmacology*
  • Serotonin Antagonists / therapeutic use


  • Serotonin Antagonists
  • Serotonin