Flexible and stretchable electronics for biointegrated devices

Annu Rev Biomed Eng. 2012;14:113-28. doi: 10.1146/annurev-bioeng-071811-150018. Epub 2012 Apr 18.


Advances in materials, mechanics, and manufacturing now allow construction of high-quality electronics and optoelectronics in forms that can readily integrate with the soft, curvilinear, and time-dynamic surfaces of the human body. The resulting capabilities create new opportunities for studying disease states, improving surgical procedures, monitoring health/wellness, establishing human-machine interfaces, and performing other functions. This review summarizes these technologies and illustrates their use in forms integrated with the brain, the heart, and the skin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Engineering / methods*
  • Biomedical Engineering / trends
  • Brain / pathology
  • Electronics, Medical
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment and Supplies
  • Humans
  • Myocardium / pathology
  • Nanostructures / chemistry
  • Prostheses and Implants
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Semiconductors
  • Skin / pathology