Subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy: single photon emission computed tomography-magnetic resonance imaging correlation

Am J Physiol Imaging. 1990;5(2):68-74.


Regional cerebral blood flow was studied using 99mTc-HM-PAO and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in five healthy subjects and in eight patients with clinical and computed tomography (CT) features of subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy. All the patients and controls underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Circumscribed cortical hypoperfusion was observed in three patients, and in one case there was no evidence of cortical or sulcal alterations on MRI. In all the patients, a reduction of the white matter perfusion was found in periventricular and/or supraventricular regions. This pattern was substantially correlated with the typical white matter hyperintensities shown by MRI scans. These findings support the hypothesis that white matter hypoperfusion is the most prominent functional abnormality in subcortical arteriosclerotic encephalopathy.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology
  • Dementia / diagnosis*
  • Demyelinating Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Arteriosclerosis / diagnosis*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • Oximes
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon*


  • Organotechnetium Compounds
  • Oximes
  • Technetium Tc 99m Exametazime